Bagan is the main tourist attraction in Myanmar. One of the richest archaeological sites in Asia, is located on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Also being the capital of first Myanmar Empire, Bagan covers an area of 42 sq.km containing over 2000 well-preserved pagodas and temoles of the 11th- 13th century.
Bagan was the capital of the first unified Empire of Anawrahta founded in 849 AD, and flourished from 1044 to the 13th century. Within an area of 42 km thousands of pagodas were built. The inventory of Bagan pagodas as documented by the Archeological Department listed the standing pagodas as 2217. In spite of inclement weather of a thousand year, which had destroyed, the precious works of art, whatever survived to this day still thrill the beholders. Notable among the ancient glory are Shwezigone, Ananda, Thabyinnyu and Dhammayangyi.
Bagan is just 193 km south of Mandalay in Upper Myanmar. It is on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Known as the city of four million pagodas, Bagan is one of the richest archaeological sites in Asia. Bagan city covers an area of 42 sq. km. There, one can find over 2,000 pagodas, temples and monasteries built during the Bagan Dynasty founded by King Anawrahta in 1044 A.D.
After unifying the country, Anawrahta accomplished another noble deed for the country: he introduced Tharavada Buddhism into Myanmar with the help of Shin_Arahan, a missionary monk from Thaton. It was Buddhism that influenced the rulers of Bagan Dynasty to build innumerable pagodas and temples in and around the city. The endless pagodas stand testimony to the rich cultural heritage of the Myanmars and also to the beauty and grandeur of ancient pagoda.
How to get there?
There are daily flights between Yangon and Bagan which take an hour and ten minutes. There are also express flights from Mandalay and Heho to Bagan, which take only 20 minutes. Express trains from Yangon and Mandalay stop at Thazi Junction, from where Bagan is accessible by road. The drive from Thazi Junction to Bagan is about three hours. There is a double-decker steamer ship service between Mandalay and Bagan, and a luxury cruise called the ‘Road to Mandalay’ operated by E&O Express.
Festival in Bagan
|09 Jan to 20 Feb||Ananda Temple Festival in Bagan|
|12 Feb||Nhtet Pyit Taung Pagoda Festival in Bagan|
|27 Feb to 13 Mar||Pakhan Ko Gyi Kyaw Festival in Shwe Gu Ni Village|
|13 Apr to 16 Apr||Myanmar Water Festival|
|17 Apr||Myanmar New Year|
|11 May||Kason Fullmoon Day|
|08 July to 09 July||Shinbinsagyo Pagoda Ceremony in Salay|
|09 July||Waso Fullmoon Day|
|31 July to 01 Aug||Lawkananda Pagoda Festival in Bagan|
|07 Aug to 08 Aug||Myazedi Pagoda Festival in Myinkaba Village|
|08 Aug||Wa Gaung Fullmoon Day|
|05 Sep to 06 Sep||Manuha Pagoda Festival in Myinkapar Village|
|06 Oct to 07 Oct||Tadingyut Candle Light Festival|
|06 Oct||Tadingyut Fullmoon Day Festival|
|03 Nov to 11 Nov||Shwezigon Pagoda Festival|
|04 Nov||Tazaungdaing Fullmoon Day Festival|
|03 Dec to 04 Dec||Ahlodawpyae Pagoda Festival in Bagan|
Note: Check with your travel agent for confirmation of festival dates.